They were soon joined in the fight by the even more powerful Anti-Saloon League ASLfounded in in Ohio but later expanded into a national organization that endorsed political candidates and lobbied for legislation against saloons.
The Nineteenth 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution granted women the right to vote, prohibiting any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on sex.
It was first drafted in by Susan B. InCongress submitted the amendment to the states for ratification, and in it was ratified by a sufficient number of states to add the amendment to the Constitution. Not thieves, drunks or prostitutes like the usual defendants there, they included a university student, an author of nursing books, a prominent campaign organizer and two former schoolteachers.
All were educated, accomplished and unacquainted with criminal activity. But today they stood accused in a court of law. What they had actually done was to stand quietly outside the White House carrying banners urging President Woodrow Wilson to support their decades-long struggle to add one sentence to the Constitution: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
Anthony Amendment was introduced in Congress in There it lay, regarded with fear and loathing, for almost 40 years. Some saw no point in women voting; with no understanding of politics, they would only vote as their menfolk told them.
Others argued that after getting the vote, women would take over the government. With such opposition, the Anthony Amendment seemed doomed to lie dormant forever.
The six accused of obstructing traffic that summer day in denied all charges, insisting that the crowd outside the White House had gathered only because police had announced that arrests would be made.
Moreover, picketing had gone on since January without obstructing anything, and with no interference. It was, after all, entirely legal.
Why the sudden crackdown now? But the judge declared the ladies outside the White House were the proximate cause of the curious crowd, and must take the consequences. Besides, he added, there are certain…people…who believe you ladies ought not have the vote. Refusing to pay, which they saw as admitting guilt, they were led off unrepentant to the Washington jail.
Those six made a bit of history that day. They were the first of a long procession of women jailed on trumped-up charges solely for demonstrating for their right to vote. NWP members came from all across the country and all levels of society, with little in common except dedication to obtaining that right.The Constitution of the United States of America.
On this site, constitutional experts interact with each other to explore the Constitution’s history and what it means today. On August 18, , American women finally secured the right to vote. Calling the victory hard-won would be an understatement: Denounced by many, the 19th amendment had an ugly, uphill, decades.
17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Direct Election of U.S. Senators. Americans did not directly vote for senators for the first years of the Federal Government. The Constitution of the United States The Bill of Rights & All Amendments A highly accessible, easy to use online version full text transcript including the Bill of Rights and the rest of the Amendments with both sequential and subject indexes.
The Nineteenth Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States Constitution prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex.
It was adopted on August 18, Until the s, most states did not give women the right to vote. The amendment was the culmination of the women's suffrage movement in the United.
The Constitution of the United States The Bill of Rights & All Amendments A highly accessible, easy to use online version full text transcript including the Bill of Rights and the rest of the Amendments with both sequential and subject indexes.